The role of Buda Island in the Ebro Delta set is basic and privileged and represented here all delta ecosystems such as lagoons, reedbeds, adarces, riparian forests, riverbanks, rice fields and extensive beaches with dunes . Stand out as the most important delta gaps inside, connected to the river and called the “Calaixos” which offers a host of waterfowl that use the wetland as a nesting, migration and wintering, and to concentrations prenuptial and post nuptial. It is also notable for the presence of plant and fish of exceptional importance. Not difficult to understand that this extraordinary natural area is a source of pride for its inhabitants and for the whole country.
The Calaixos. And in the background, the sea.
It is currently still practice traditional activities such as artisanal fishing in the “pantena” hunts ducks and rice cultivation.
In the network of canals and irrigation channels are important fish stocks retreat as are the “fartet” (Aphanius iberus) and Samaruco (Valencia hispanica) as well as amphibians and reptiles such as snakes necklace and tortoise recently introduced pond (Ermys orbicularis).
In spring and autumn, the city of Sant Jaume d·Enveja, organizes the party of “planted” and “harvest” which recall the traditional forms of rice cultivation without the aid of agricultural machinery.
The day of St. Peter, patron of Buda, the saint is venerated in the small chapel of the house holding a procession in his honor, with great participation, and that the locals go to horse carts decked.
Procession in honor of Saint Peter, patron of Buda
The livestock had been intense the last century. There had been fighting bulls and sheep and goats that exploited the poor feed resources, as well as pigs and rabbits. Recently, in order to control the growth of vegetation and to promote opportunities for breeding of certain species of birds, horses have been entered in a race from the French Camargue, adapted to wet grasslands and flooded areas, which are a attraction for many visitors.
On the island are still some of the old farmhouses occupied families living growing rice here, and together with the main house, are part of an architectural heritage that deserves to be preserved as it represents the living testimony of the history of Buda.